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  • Malkiat Singh Duhra

Effect of New Reform Farm Laws

The basic goal of the implementation of new reform farm laws in India is to eliminate one third of farm families, replacing crores of self-sustaining small and medium sized family farms with fewer much larger farms (organized by corporates), producing the same amount of food more efficiently while the displaced farmers will have to go to work at factories. But India is facing a serious problem of unemployment, so displaced farmers perhaps may not get jobs. This phenomenon happened in the United States of America and many European countries, but they managed to give employment to the displaced farmers. Sustainable agriculture, which uses methods that protect the environment, public health, human communities and animal welfare is the best option of farming. Small farmers can use cultural, physical, mechanical and biological control methods easily where as in the case of large farms, mostly chemicals are preferred. It is important to buy sustainably produced food but food grown and raised sustainably is more expensive. The government incentives and support make these foods more affordable. In India during the 1960’s, high yielding crop varieties were developed and a lot of pesticides, fungicides, and weedicides were used to get maximum yields of crops to cope with the growing population. The Green Revolution resulted in India becoming self sufficient and exporting food. But our soil, water and food got polluted with chemicals, water level went down significantly and damaged and imbalanced the ecosystem. Now it is essential to adopt sustainable agriculture to solve the aforementioned problems.

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