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  • Malkiat Singh Duhra

Diabetes and How To Manage It

Diabetes is one of the major health problems. It has no cure, but we can manage it well with optimal study weight, a healthy lifestyle, and being active. Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down into sugar (glucose) and released into the bloodstream. When blood sugar goes up, it signals the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key to let the blood sugar into the body’s cells for use as energy. If you have diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it makes as well as it should. When there is not enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, then too much blood sugar stays in the bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as vision loss, heart disease, and kidney failure.

There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 is caused by an autoimmune reaction that stops your body from making insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In this case, you need to take insulin every day to survive as described by the doctor. Type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels. It develops over many years and is usually diagnosed in adults. You may not notice any symptoms, so it is important to get your blood sugar tested periodically as advised by your doctor. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle changes such as maintaining optimal weight, eating healthy food, and being active. Number 3 is gestational diabetes that develops in pregnant women. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born but increases the risk for Type 2 diabetes later in life. Your baby is more likely to have obesity as a child or teen, and more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

The pancreas is a heterocrine organ, it has both an endocrine and exocrine function (digestive). As an endocrine gland (islet cells) it releases hormones directly into the bloodstream. It functions mostly to regulate blood sugar levels, secreting the hormones like insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. When blood glucose levels are low, alpha cells secrete glucagon, which increases blood glucose levels. When blood glucose levels are high, beta cells secrete insulin to decrease glucose in the blood. Delta cells secrete somatostatin which decreases the release of insulin and glucagon. Diabetes is a disorder in the body, which may be managed with proper and timely precautions and treatments as given below.

  1. Keep in touch with your medical doctor and get blood sugar tests periodically and regularly as per the recommendation of the doctor.

  2. Take the medicine (insulin, etc) as per the prescription of the doctor.

  3. Get diagnosed with which type of diabetes you have.

  4. Change your diet as prescribed by the dietitian.

  5. Maintain study optimal weight.

  6. Do regular exercise like jogging, walking, and whatever you like. Always lead an active life and don’t be sedentary.

  7. Always remain happy and satisfied. Refrain from fear, anger, and greed. Don’t consider diabetes a disease, but only consider it as some disorder in your body.

  8. Don’t depend on unqualified doctors and trust your family medical doctor.

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